Materials 2013, 6(11), 5000-5015; doi:10.3390/ma6115000

Coal Combustion Wastes Reuse in Low Energy Artificial Aggregates Manufacturing

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Received: 17 July 2013; in revised form: 20 October 2013 / Accepted: 23 October 2013 / Published: 31 October 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Sustainable building material design relies mostly on energy saving processes, decrease of raw materials consumption, and increase of waste and by-products recycling. Natural and lightweight artificial aggregates production implies relevant environmental impact. This paper addresses both the issues of residues recycling and energy optimization. Particularly, three coal combustion wastes (Weathered Fly Ash, WFA; Wastewater Treatment Sludge, WTS; Desulfurization Device Sludge, DDS) supplied by the Italian electric utility company (ENEL) have been employed in the manufacture of cold bonded artificial aggregates. Previously, the residues have been characterized in terms of chemical and mineralogical compositions, water content, particle size distribution, and heavy metal release behavior. These wastes have been used in the mix design of binding systems with the only addition of lime. Finally, the artificial aggregates have been submitted to physical, mechanical, and leaching testing, revealing that they are potentially suitable for many civil engineering applications.
Keywords: sustainable concrete and mortars; artificial aggregates; weathered coal fly ash; wastewater treatment sludge; desulfurization device sludge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferone, C.; Colangelo, F.; Messina, F.; Iucolano, F.; Liguori, B.; Cioffi, R. Coal Combustion Wastes Reuse in Low Energy Artificial Aggregates Manufacturing. Materials 2013, 6, 5000-5015.

AMA Style

Ferone C, Colangelo F, Messina F, Iucolano F, Liguori B, Cioffi R. Coal Combustion Wastes Reuse in Low Energy Artificial Aggregates Manufacturing. Materials. 2013; 6(11):5000-5015.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferone, Claudio; Colangelo, Francesco; Messina, Francesco; Iucolano, Fabio; Liguori, Barbara; Cioffi, Raffaele. 2013. "Coal Combustion Wastes Reuse in Low Energy Artificial Aggregates Manufacturing." Materials 6, no. 11: 5000-5015.

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