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Comparison of Copper Scavenging Capacity between Two Different Red Mud Types
Centre for Ecological and Environmental Technologies, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
Australian Centre for Sustainable Catchments, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba QLD 4350, Australia
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2012; in revised form: 28 August 2012 / Accepted: 3 September 2012 / Published: 24 September 2012
Abstract: A batch experiment was conducted to compare the Cu scavenging capacity between two different red mud types: the first one was a highly basic red mud derived from a combined sintering and Bayer process, and the second one was a seawater-neutralized red mud derived from the Bayer process. The first red mud contained substantial amounts of CaCO3, which, in combination with the high OH− activity, favored the immobilization of water-borne Cu through massive formation of atacamite. In comparison, the seawater-neutralized red mud had a lower pH and was dominated by boehmite, which was likely to play a significant role in Cu adsorption. Overall, it appears that Cu was more tightly retained by the CaCO3-dominated red mud than the boehmite-dominated red mud. It is concluded that the heterogeneity of red mud has marked influences on its capacity to immobilize water-borne Cu and maintain the long-term stability of the immobilized Cu species. The research findings obtained from this study have implications for the development of Cu immobilization technology by using appropriate waste materials generated from the aluminium industry.
Keywords: alumina; bauxite; red mud; calcite; alkaline; copper; boehmite; atacamite; metal immobilization
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ma, Y.; Si, C.; Lin, C. Comparison of Copper Scavenging Capacity between Two Different Red Mud Types. Materials 2012, 5, 1708-1721.
Ma Y, Si C, Lin C. Comparison of Copper Scavenging Capacity between Two Different Red Mud Types. Materials. 2012; 5(9):1708-1721.
Ma, Yingqun; Si, Chunhua; Lin, Chuxia. 2012. "Comparison of Copper Scavenging Capacity between Two Different Red Mud Types." Materials 5, no. 9: 1708-1721.