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Materials 2012, 5(9), 1698-1707; doi:10.3390/ma5091698
Article

Behavior of Plain Concrete of a High Water-Cement Ratio after Freeze-Thaw Cycles

1
, 2,*  and 2
Received: 20 April 2012; in revised form: 13 September 2012 / Accepted: 13 September 2012 / Published: 24 September 2012
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Abstract: An experimental study of plain concrete specimens of water-cement ratio 0.55, subjected to 0, 15, 25, 40, 50 and 75 cycles of freeze-thaw was completed. The dynamic modulus of elasticity (DME), weight loss, compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, cleavage strength and stress-strain relationships of plain concrete specimens suffering from freeze-thaw cycles were measured. The experimental results showed that the strength decreased as the freeze-thaw cycles were repeated. A concise mathematic formula between DME, weight loss, mechanical properties and number of freeze-thaw cycles was also established. The influences of freeze-thaw cycles on the DME, weight loss and mechanical properties were analyzed. The experimental results serve as a reference for the maintenance, design and life prediction of dams, hydraulic structures, offshore structures, concrete roads and bridges in cold regions.
Keywords: plain concrete; freezing and thawing cycles; mechanical properties; weight loss; dynamic modulus of elasticity plain concrete; freezing and thawing cycles; mechanical properties; weight loss; dynamic modulus of elasticity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shang, H.-S.; Yi, T.-H.; Song, Y.-P. Behavior of Plain Concrete of a High Water-Cement Ratio after Freeze-Thaw Cycles. Materials 2012, 5, 1698-1707.

AMA Style

Shang H-S, Yi T-H, Song Y-P. Behavior of Plain Concrete of a High Water-Cement Ratio after Freeze-Thaw Cycles. Materials. 2012; 5(9):1698-1707.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shang, Huai-Shuai; Yi, Ting-Hua; Song, Yu-Pu. 2012. "Behavior of Plain Concrete of a High Water-Cement Ratio after Freeze-Thaw Cycles." Materials 5, no. 9: 1698-1707.


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