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Materials 2012, 5(9), 1528-1545; doi:10.3390/ma5091528

Titanium as a Reconstruction and Implant Material in Dentistry: Advantages and Pitfalls

Center for Dental and Oral Medicine, Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Materials Science, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, Zurich 8032, Switzerland
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Received: 14 June 2012 / Revised: 10 August 2012 / Accepted: 11 August 2012 / Published: 24 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Titanium Materials for Biomedical Application)
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Abstract

Commercial pure titanium (cpTi) has been the material of choice in several disciplines of dentistry due to its biocompatibility, resistance to corrosion and mechanical properties. Despite a number of favorable characteristics, cpTi as a reconstruction and oral implant material has several shortcomings. This paper highlights current knowledge on material properties, passive oxidation film formation, corrosion, surface activation, cell interactions, biofilm development, allergy, casting and machining properties of cpTi for better understanding and potential improvement of this material for its clinical applications.
Keywords: biomechanics; corrosion; dentistry; implant; surface characteristics; titanium biomechanics; corrosion; dentistry; implant; surface characteristics; titanium
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Özcan, M.; Hämmerle, C. Titanium as a Reconstruction and Implant Material in Dentistry: Advantages and Pitfalls. Materials 2012, 5, 1528-1545.

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