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Titanium as a Reconstruction and Implant Material in Dentistry: Advantages and Pitfalls
Center for Dental and Oral Medicine, Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Materials Science, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, Zurich 8032, Switzerland
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Received: 14 June 2012; in revised form: 10 August 2012 / Accepted: 11 August 2012 / Published: 24 August 2012
Abstract: Commercial pure titanium (cpTi) has been the material of choice in several disciplines of dentistry due to its biocompatibility, resistance to corrosion and mechanical properties. Despite a number of favorable characteristics, cpTi as a reconstruction and oral implant material has several shortcomings. This paper highlights current knowledge on material properties, passive oxidation film formation, corrosion, surface activation, cell interactions, biofilm development, allergy, casting and machining properties of cpTi for better understanding and potential improvement of this material for its clinical applications.
Keywords: biomechanics; corrosion; dentistry; implant; surface characteristics; titanium
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MDPI and ACS Style
Özcan, M.; Hämmerle, C. Titanium as a Reconstruction and Implant Material in Dentistry: Advantages and Pitfalls. Materials 2012, 5, 1528-1545.
Özcan M, Hämmerle C. Titanium as a Reconstruction and Implant Material in Dentistry: Advantages and Pitfalls. Materials. 2012; 5(9):1528-1545.
Özcan, Mutlu; Hämmerle, Christoph. 2012. "Titanium as a Reconstruction and Implant Material in Dentistry: Advantages and Pitfalls." Materials 5, no. 9: 1528-1545.