Next Article in Journal
Synthesis of Uniform Polyaniline Nanofibers through Interfacial Polymerization
Next Article in Special Issue
Adaptive Holography in Liquid Crystal Light-Valves
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Replication of Holograms with Corn Syrup by Rubbing
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2012, 5(8), 1477-1486; doi:10.3390/ma5081477

Quickly Updatable Hologram Images Using Poly(N-vinyl Carbazole) (PVCz) Photorefractive Polymer Composite

Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2012 / Revised: 1 August 2012 / Accepted: 20 August 2012 / Published: 22 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Materials for Modern Holographic Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [583 KB, uploaded 22 August 2012]   |  


Quickly updatable hologram images using photorefractive (PR) polymer composite based on poly(N-vinyl carbazole) (PVCz) is presented. PVCz is one of the pioneer materials of photoconductive polymers. PR polymer composite consists of 44 wt % of PVCz, 35 wt % of 4-azacycloheptylbenzylidene-malonitrile (7-DCST) as a nonlinear optical dye, 20 wt % of carbazolylethylpropionate (CzEPA) as a photoconductive plasticizer and 1 wt % of 2,4,7-trinitro-9-fluorenone (TNF) as a sensitizer. PR composite gives high diffraction efficiency of 68% at E = 45 V μm−1. Response speed of optical diffraction is the key parameter for real-time 3D holographic display. The key parameter for obtaining quickly updatable holographic images is to control the glass transition temperature lower enough to enhance chromophore orientation. Object image of the reflected coin surface recorded with reference beam at 532 nm (green beam) in the PR polymer composite is simultaneously reconstructed using a red probe beam at 642 nm. Instead of using a coin object, an object image produced by a computer was displayed on a spatial light modulator (SLM) and used for the hologram. The reflected object beam from an SLM was interfered with a reference beam on PR polymer composite to record a hologram and simultaneously reconstructed by a red probe beam. View Full-Text
Keywords: photorefractive polymer; 3D holographic display; poly(N-vinyl carbazole) composite photorefractive polymer; 3D holographic display; poly(N-vinyl carbazole) composite

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tsutsumi, N.; Kinashi, K.; Nonomura, A.; Sakai, W. Quickly Updatable Hologram Images Using Poly(N-vinyl Carbazole) (PVCz) Photorefractive Polymer Composite. Materials 2012, 5, 1477-1486.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top