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A Review of Titanium Zirconium (TiZr) Alloys for Use in Endosseous Dental Implants
(Independent Researcher), Calgary, T2N0K7, Canada
Institut Straumann AG, Basel 4052, Switzerland
College of Dentistry, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 June 2012; in revised form: 22 July 2012 / Accepted: 25 July 2012 / Published: 13 August 2012
Abstract: Dental implants made from binary titanium-zirconium (TiZr) alloys have shown promise as a high strength, yet biocompatible alternative to pure titanium, particularly for applications requiring small diameter implants. The aim of this review is to summarize existing literature reporting on the use of binary TiZr alloys for endosseous dental implant applications as tested in vitro, in animals and clinically. And furthermore to show that TiZr is “at least as good as” pure titanium in terms of biocompatibility and osseointergration. From the twelve papers that met the inclusion criteria, the current literature confirms that TiZr alloys produce small diameter implants with a strength up to 40% higher than conventional, cold-worked, grade IV titanium implants, and with a corrosion resistance and biocompatibility that is at least as good as pure titanium. The surface structure of TiZr is compatible with established surface treatments proven to aid in the osseointegration of titanium implants. Furthermore, binary TiZr alloys have been shown to achieve good osseointegration and high success rates both in animal and in clinical studies.
Keywords: TiZr; titanium zirconium alloy; endosseous dental implant; clinical; in vitro; in vivo; reduced or small diameter implant
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Grandin, H.M.; Berner, S.; Dard, M. A Review of Titanium Zirconium (TiZr) Alloys for Use in Endosseous Dental Implants. Materials 2012, 5, 1348-1360.
Grandin HM, Berner S, Dard M. A Review of Titanium Zirconium (TiZr) Alloys for Use in Endosseous Dental Implants. Materials. 2012; 5(8):1348-1360.
Grandin, H. Michelle; Berner, Simon; Dard, Michel. 2012. "A Review of Titanium Zirconium (TiZr) Alloys for Use in Endosseous Dental Implants." Materials 5, no. 8: 1348-1360.