Materials 2012, 5(2), 350-363; doi:10.3390/ma5020350

Carbon Nanomaterials: Efficacy and Safety for Nanomedicine

1,2,†email, 1,2,†email, 1,2email, 1,2email, 1,2,3,* email, 2,3,4email and 1,2,3,* email
Received: 16 December 2011; in revised form: 11 February 2012 / Accepted: 15 February 2012 / Published: 21 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Carbon nanomaterials, including fullerenes, carbon nanohorns, and carbon nanotubes, are increasingly being used in various fields owing to these materials’ unique, size-dependent functions and physicochemical properties. Recently, because of their high variability and stability, carbon nanomaterials have been explored as a novel tool for the delivery of therapeutic molecules including peptide and nucleic acid cancer drugs. However, insufficient information is available regarding the safety of carbon nanomaterials for human health, even though such information is vital for the development of safe and effective nanomedicine technologies. In this review, we discuss currently available information regarding the safety of carbon nanomaterials in nanomedicine applications, including information obtained from our own studies; and we discuss types of carbon nanomaterials that demonstrate particular promise for safe nanomedicine technologies.
Keywords: nanomedicine; carbon nanomaterials; fullerenes; carbon nanohorns; carbon nanotubes; drug delivery; nano safety science
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamashita, T.; Yamashita, K.; Nabeshi, H.; Yoshikawa, T.; Yoshioka, Y.; Tsunoda, S.-I.; Tsutsumi, Y. Carbon Nanomaterials: Efficacy and Safety for Nanomedicine. Materials 2012, 5, 350-363.

AMA Style

Yamashita T, Yamashita K, Nabeshi H, Yoshikawa T, Yoshioka Y, Tsunoda S-I, Tsutsumi Y. Carbon Nanomaterials: Efficacy and Safety for Nanomedicine. Materials. 2012; 5(2):350-363.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yamashita, Takuya; Yamashita, Kohei; Nabeshi, Hiromi; Yoshikawa, Tomoaki; Yoshioka, Yasuo; Tsunoda, Shin-ichi; Tsutsumi, Yasuo. 2012. "Carbon Nanomaterials: Efficacy and Safety for Nanomedicine." Materials 5, no. 2: 350-363.

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