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Influence of Carbon Nanotubes on Thermal Stability of Water-Dispersible Nanofibrillar Polyaniline/Nanotube Composite
iPack VINN Excellence Center, School of Information and Communication Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm SE-164 40, Sweden
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, Linköping SE-581 83, Sweden
Solid-State Electronics, Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 534, Uppsala SE-751 21, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2011; Accepted: 9 February 2012 / Published: 17 February 2012
Abstract: Significant influence on the thermal stability of polyaniline (PANI) in the presence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is reported. By means of in-situ rapid mixing approach, water-dispersible nanofibrillar PANI and composites, consisting of MWCNTs uniformly coated with PANI in the state of emeraldine salt, with a well-defined core-shell heterogeneous structure, were prepared. The de-protonation process in PANI occurs at a lower temperature under the presence of MWCNTs on the polyaniline composite upon thermal treatment. However, it is found that the presence of MWCNTs significantly enhances the thermal stability of PANI’s backbone upon exposure to laser irradiation, which can be ascribed to the core-shell heterogeneous structure of the composite of MWCNTs and PANI, and the high thermal conductivity of MWCNTs.
Keywords: polyaniline; carbon nanotubes; conducting polymers; thermal stability; Raman spectroscopy
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MDPI and ACS Style
Cabezas, A.L.; Liu, X.; Chen, Q.; Zhang, S.-L.; Zheng, L.-R.; Zhang, Z.-B. Influence of Carbon Nanotubes on Thermal Stability of Water-Dispersible Nanofibrillar Polyaniline/Nanotube Composite. Materials 2012, 5, 327-335.
Cabezas AL, Liu X, Chen Q, Zhang S-L, Zheng L-R, Zhang Z-B. Influence of Carbon Nanotubes on Thermal Stability of Water-Dispersible Nanofibrillar Polyaniline/Nanotube Composite. Materials. 2012; 5(2):327-335.
Cabezas, Ana López; Liu, Xianjie; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Shi-Li; Zheng, Li-Rong; Zhang, Zhi-Bin. 2012. "Influence of Carbon Nanotubes on Thermal Stability of Water-Dispersible Nanofibrillar Polyaniline/Nanotube Composite." Materials 5, no. 2: 327-335.