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Recent Advances in the Photorefraction of Doped Lithium Niobate Crystals
The MOE Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, TEDA Applied Physical School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457, China
School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2012; in revised form: 18 September 2012 / Accepted: 12 October 2012 / Published: 22 October 2012
Abstract: The recent advances in the photorefraction of doped lithium niobate crystals are reviewed. Materials have always been the main obstacle for commercial applications of photorefractive holographic storage. Though iron-doped LiNbO3 is the mainstay of holographic data storage efforts, several shortcomings, especially the low response speed, impede it from becoming a commercial recording medium. This paper reviews the photorefractive characteristics of different dopants, especially tetravalent ions, doped and co-doped LiNbO3 crystals, including Hf, Zr and Sn monodoped LiNbO3, Hf and Fe, Zr and Fe doubly doped LiNbO3, Zr, Fe and Mn, Zr, Cu and Ce triply doped LiNbO3, Ru doped LiNbO3, and V and Mo monodoped LiNbO3. Among them, Zr, Fe and Mn triply doped LiNbO3 shows excellent nonvolatile holographic storage properties, and V and Mo monodoped LiNbO3 has fast response and multi-wavelength storage characteristics.
Keywords: photorefraction; lithium niobate; dopants; optical damage
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Kong, Y.; Liu, S.; Xu, J. Recent Advances in the Photorefraction of Doped Lithium Niobate Crystals. Materials 2012, 5, 1954-1971.
Kong Y, Liu S, Xu J. Recent Advances in the Photorefraction of Doped Lithium Niobate Crystals. Materials. 2012; 5(10):1954-1971.
Kong, Yongfa; Liu, Shiguo; Xu, Jingjun. 2012. "Recent Advances in the Photorefraction of Doped Lithium Niobate Crystals." Materials 5, no. 10: 1954-1971.