Materials 2010, 3(9), 4518-4549; doi:10.3390/ma3094518

Surface Nano-Structuring by Adsorption and Chemical Reactions

Received: 12 July 2010; in revised form: 6 August 2010 / Accepted: 12 August 2010 / Published: 27 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SPM in Materials Science)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Nano-structuring of the surface caused by adsorption of molecules or atoms and by the reaction of surface atoms with adsorbed species are reviewed from a chemistry viewpoint. Self-assembly of adsorbed species is markedly influenced by weak mutual interactions and the local strain of the surface induced by the adsorption. Nano-structuring taking place on the surface is well explained by the notion of a quasi-molecule provided by the reaction of surface atoms with adsorbed species. Self-assembly of quasi-molecules by weak internal bonding provides quasi-compounds on a specific surface. Various nano-structuring phenomena are discussed: (i) self-assembly of adsorbed molecules and atoms; (ii) self-assembly of quasi-compounds; (iii) formation of nano-composite surfaces; (iv) controlled growth of nano-materials on composite surfaces. Nano-structuring processes are not always controlled by energetic feasibility, that is, the formation of nano-composite surface and the growth of nano-particles on surfaces are often controlled by the kinetics. The idea of the “kinetic controlled molding” might be valuable to design nano-materials on surfaces.
Keywords: self-assembly; nano-structuring; nano-dots and lines; formation and array of quasi-compounds; reaction of surface atoms; phase boundaries; reconstruction; Cu(100); Cu(110); Ag(110); Ni(110); Au(111)-hex; Si(111)-7 × 7; electronic and magnetic properties of nano-metals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, K.-I. Surface Nano-Structuring by Adsorption and Chemical Reactions. Materials 2010, 3, 4518-4549.

AMA Style

Tanaka K-I. Surface Nano-Structuring by Adsorption and Chemical Reactions. Materials. 2010; 3(9):4518-4549.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tanaka, Ken-ichi. 2010. "Surface Nano-Structuring by Adsorption and Chemical Reactions." Materials 3, no. 9: 4518-4549.

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