Materials 2010, 3(6), 3700-3713; doi:10.3390/ma3063700
Article

Properties and Clinical Application of Three Types of Dental Glass-Ceramics and Ceramics for CAD-CAM Technologies

Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Bendererstr. 2, LI-9494 Schaan, Principality of Liechtenstein
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2010; Accepted: 17 June 2010 / Published: 19 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramics for Healthcare)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [572 KB, uploaded 19 June 2010 14:38 CEST]
Abstract: The main properties (mechanical, thermal and chemical) and clinical application for dental restoration are demonstrated for three types of glass-ceramics and sintered polycrystalline ceramic produced by Ivoclar Vivadent AG. Two types of glass-ceramics are derived from the leucite-type and the lithium disilicate-type. The third type of dental materials represents a ZrO2 ceramic. CAD/CAM technology is a procedure to manufacture dental ceramic restoration. Leucite-type glass-ceramics demonstrate high translucency, preferable optical/mechanical properties and an application as dental inlays, onlays and crowns. Based on an improvement of the mechanical parameters, specially the strength and toughness, the lithium disilicate glass-ceramics are used as crowns; applying a procedure to machine an intermediate product and producing the final glass-ceramic by an additional heat treatment. Small dental bridges of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic were fabricated using a molding technology. ZrO2 ceramics show high toughness and strength and were veneered with fluoroapatite glass-ceramic. Machining is possible with a porous intermediate product.
Keywords: biomaterials; glass-ceramics; ceramics; clinical applications; metal-free; CAD/CAM; dentistry

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ritzberger, C.; Apel, E.; Höland, W.; Peschke, A.; Rheinberger, V.M. Properties and Clinical Application of Three Types of Dental Glass-Ceramics and Ceramics for CAD-CAM Technologies. Materials 2010, 3, 3700-3713.

AMA Style

Ritzberger C, Apel E, Höland W, Peschke A, Rheinberger VM. Properties and Clinical Application of Three Types of Dental Glass-Ceramics and Ceramics for CAD-CAM Technologies. Materials. 2010; 3(6):3700-3713.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ritzberger, Christian; Apel, Elke; Höland, Wolfram; Peschke, Arnd; Rheinberger, Volker M. 2010. "Properties and Clinical Application of Three Types of Dental Glass-Ceramics and Ceramics for CAD-CAM Technologies." Materials 3, no. 6: 3700-3713.

Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert