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Materials 2010, 3(6), 3468-3517; doi:10.3390/ma3063468

Polymer-Nanoparticle Composites: From Synthesis to Modern Applications

1,2,*  and 1
1 Institute for Materials Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany 2 Institute for Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Georges-Koehler-Allee 102, D-79110 Freiburg, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 April 2010 / Accepted: 27 May 2010 / Published: 28 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites of Polymers and Inorganic Particles)
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The addition of inorganic spherical nanoparticles to polymers allows the modification of the polymers physical properties as well as the implementation of new features in the polymer matrix. This review article covers considerations on special features of inorganic nanoparticles, the most important synthesis methods for ceramic nanoparticles and nanocomposites, nanoparticle surface modification, and composite formation, including drawbacks. Classical nanocomposite properties, as thermomechanical, dielectric, conductive, magnetic, as well as optical properties, will be summarized. Finally, typical existing and potential applications will be shown with the focus on new and innovative applications, like in energy storage systems.
Keywords: nanocomposites; polymer matrix; spherical nanoparticles; physical property tailoring; polymer-nanoparticle-interface nanocomposites; polymer matrix; spherical nanoparticles; physical property tailoring; polymer-nanoparticle-interface
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hanemann, T.; Szabó, D.V. Polymer-Nanoparticle Composites: From Synthesis to Modern Applications. Materials 2010, 3, 3468-3517.

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