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Materials 2010, 3(6), 3518-3536; doi:10.3390/ma3063518

Silicone Resin Applications for Ceramic Precursors and Composites

Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University / 1-1, Gakuen-Cho, Naka-Ku, Sakai 599-8531, Japan
Received: 30 April 2010 / Accepted: 24 May 2010 / Published: 2 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)
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This article reviews the applications of silicone resins as ceramic precursors. The historical background of silicone synthesis chemistry is introduced to explain the production costs and supply availability of various silicones. Thermal degradation processes of silicones are classified in terms of the main chain structure and cyclic oligomer expulsion process, which determine the resulting ceramic yield and the chemical composition. The high temperature decomposition of Si-O-C beyond 1,400 °C in an inert atmosphere and formation of a protective silica layer on material surfaces beyond 1,200 °C in an oxidative atmosphere are discussed from the viewpoints of the wide chemical composition of the Si-O-C materials. Applications of the resins for binding agents, as starting materials for porous ceramics, matrix sources with impregnation, fiber spinning and ceramic adhesions are introduced. The recent development of the process of filler or cross-linking agent additions to resin compounds is also introduced. Such resin compounds are useful for obtaining thick coatings, MEMS parts and bulk ceramics, which are difficult to obtain by pyrolysis of simple organometallic precursors without additives.
Keywords: silicones; ceramic precursors; silicon oxycarbides; silicon chemistry; high temperature reaction; composites silicones; ceramic precursors; silicon oxycarbides; silicon chemistry; high temperature reaction; composites
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Narisawa, M. Silicone Resin Applications for Ceramic Precursors and Composites. Materials 2010, 3, 3518-3536.

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