Materials 2010, 3(5), 2986-3005; doi:10.3390/ma3052986
Review

Development of Biomedical Polymer-Silicate Nanocomposites: A Materials Science Perspective

Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 ,USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 March 2010; in revised form: 10 April 2010 / Accepted: 16 April 2010 / Published: 28 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites of Polymers and Inorganic Particles)
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Abstract: Biomedical polymer-silicate nanocomposites have potential to become critically important to the development of biomedical applications, ranging from diagnostic and therapeutic devices, tissue regeneration and drug delivery matrixes to various bio-technologies that are inspired by biology but have only indirect biomedical relation. The fundamental understanding of polymer-nanoparticle interactions is absolutely necessary to control structure-property relationships of materials that need to work within the chemical, physical and biological constraints required by an application. This review summarizes the most recent published strategies to design and develop polymer-silicate nanocomposites (including clay based silicate nanoparticles and bioactive glass nanoparticles) for a variety of biomedical applications. Emerging trends in bio-technological and biomedical nanocomposites are highlighted and potential new fields of applications are examined.
Keywords: nanocomposite; polymer; silicates; clay; biopolymer; structure; mechanical properties; bio-technology; bioactive; biomedical

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, C.-J.; Gaharwar, A.K.; Schexnailder, P.J.; Schmidt, G. Development of Biomedical Polymer-Silicate Nanocomposites: A Materials Science Perspective. Materials 2010, 3, 2986-3005.

AMA Style

Wu C-J, Gaharwar AK, Schexnailder PJ, Schmidt G. Development of Biomedical Polymer-Silicate Nanocomposites: A Materials Science Perspective. Materials. 2010; 3(5):2986-3005.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Chia-Jung; Gaharwar, Akhilesh K.; Schexnailder, Patrick J.; Schmidt, Gudrun. 2010. "Development of Biomedical Polymer-Silicate Nanocomposites: A Materials Science Perspective." Materials 3, no. 5: 2986-3005.

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