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AbstractPores in single crystalline semiconductors come in many forms (e.g., pore sizes from 2 nm to > 10 µm; morphologies from perfect pore crystal to fractal) and exhibit many unique properties directly or as nanocompounds if the pores are filled. The various kinds of pores obtained in semiconductors like Ge, Si, III-V, and II-VI compound semiconductors are systematically reviewed, emphasizing macropores. Essentials of pore formation mechanisms will be discussed, focusing on differences and some open questions but in particular on common properties. Possible applications of porous semiconductors, including for example high explosives, high efficiency electrodes for Li ion batteries, drug delivery systems, solar cells, thermoelectric elements and many novel electronic, optical or sensor devices, will be introduced and discussed.
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Föll, H.; Leisner, M.; Cojocaru, A.; Carstensen, J. Macroporous Semiconductors. Materials 2010, 3, 3006-3076.View more citation formats
Föll H, Leisner M, Cojocaru A, Carstensen J. Macroporous Semiconductors. Materials. 2010; 3(5):3006-3076.Chicago/Turabian Style
Föll, Helmut; Leisner, Malte; Cojocaru, Ala; Carstensen, Jürgen. 2010. "Macroporous Semiconductors." Materials 3, no. 5: 3006-3076.