Next Article in Journal
Oligomers and Polymers Based on Pentacene Building Blocks
Next Article in Special Issue
Advances in Porous Biomaterials for Dental and Orthopaedic Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Heat Transfer and Geometrical Analysis of Thermoelectric Converters Driven by Concentrated Solar Radiation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Gene Expression, Bacteria Viability and Survivability Following Spray Drying of Mycobacterium smegmatis
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2010, 3(4), 2753-2771; doi:10.3390/ma3042753

Development and Evaluation of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Hydrogels as an Artificial Atrticular Cartilage for Orthopedic Implants

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Daido University, 10-3 Takiharu-cho, Minami-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 457-8530 Japan
2
Department of Medical Simulation Engineering, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, 53 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2010 / Revised: 1 March 2010 / Accepted: 7 April 2010 / Published: 14 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomaterials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1020 KB, uploaded 14 April 2010]   |  

Abstract

Due to its excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties, various different applications of polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogels (PVA-H) has been attempted in many fields. In the field of orthopedic surgery, we have been engaged for long time in research on the clinical applications of PVA-H as a artificial cartilage, and have performed many basic experiments on the mechanical properties, synthesis of PVA-H, and developed orthopedic implants using PVA-H. From these studies, many applications of artificial articular cartilage, intervertbral disc and artificial meniscus etc. have been developed. This review will present the overview of the applications and recent advances of PVA-H cartilages, and discuss clinical potential of PVA-H for orthopedics implant.
Keywords: polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogel; biocompatibility; artificial cartilage; orthopedics implant polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogel; biocompatibility; artificial cartilage; orthopedics implant
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kobayashi, M.; Hyu, H.S. Development and Evaluation of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Hydrogels as an Artificial Atrticular Cartilage for Orthopedic Implants. Materials 2010, 3, 2753-2771.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top