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Materials 2010, 3(4), 2483-2505; doi:10.3390/ma3042483

Current and Emerging Detoxification Therapies for Critical Care

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2010 / Revised: 3 March 2010 / Accepted: 31 March 2010 / Published: 1 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomaterials)
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Toxicity resulting from prescription drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants and cardioactive steroids, as well as drugs of abuse and exposure to environmental chemicals, represents a major need for detoxification treatments. Particles and colloids, antibody fragments (Fab), and indirect treatment methods such as macroemulsions, are currently being developed or employed as detoxification therapies. Colloids, particles, and protein fragments typically mitigate toxicity by binding to the toxin and reducing its concentration in vital organs. Indirect methods such as macroemulsions and sodium bicarbonate act directly on the affected organs, rather than the toxin. In this review, key design parameters (i.e. binding affinity, biocompatibility, pharmacokinetics) are discussed for each type of detoxification treatment. In addition, some of the latest research in each area is reviewed.
Keywords: overdose; liposomes; emulsions; antibody fragments; fab; detoxification overdose; liposomes; emulsions; antibody fragments; fab; detoxification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Howell, B.A.; Chauhan, A. Current and Emerging Detoxification Therapies for Critical Care. Materials 2010, 3, 2483-2505.

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