Materials 2010, 3(4), 2463-2473; doi:10.3390/ma3042463
Article

Low Velocity Impact Behavior of Glass Filled Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastic Engine Components

1 Centre for Automotive Technology, Department of Sustainable Systems, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK 2 Eaton, Automotive Group, West Midlands, DY5 2LB, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 February 2010; in revised form: 19 March 2010 / Accepted: 25 March 2010 / Published: 31 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)
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Abstract: This paper concerns automotive parts located underneath the engine and in particular the engine oil pan. Classically made of stamped steel or cast aluminum, new developments have allowed the manufacture oil pans with polyamide 66 reinforced by 35% weight of short glass fiber. However, polyamides have some limitations and the most significant is their response to localized impact loading. The nature of the impact considered here is of a typical stone collected from the road and projected into the oil pan. Low velocity impact investigations were carried out using a gas gun and drop weight tower. The study shows that the design of the oil pan has a significant contribution in the shock absorption. In addition to the material properties, the geometry and the ribbing both cleverly combined, increase the impact resistance of the component significantly. Areas of oil pan design improvement have been identified and conclusions drawn.
Keywords: oil pan; sump; impact resistance; polyamide; glass fibre-reinforced composite; thermoplastic

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mouti, Z.; Westwood, K.; Kayvantash, K.; Njuguna, J. Low Velocity Impact Behavior of Glass Filled Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastic Engine Components. Materials 2010, 3, 2463-2473.

AMA Style

Mouti Z, Westwood K, Kayvantash K, Njuguna J. Low Velocity Impact Behavior of Glass Filled Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastic Engine Components. Materials. 2010; 3(4):2463-2473.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mouti, Zakaria; Westwood, Keith; Kayvantash, Kambiz; Njuguna, James. 2010. "Low Velocity Impact Behavior of Glass Filled Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastic Engine Components." Materials 3, no. 4: 2463-2473.

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