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Materials 2010, 3(11), 4871-4891; doi:10.3390/ma3114871

Catalytic CVD Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes: Towards High Yield and Low Temperature Growth

1
Laboratory of Complex Mater Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Center for Research on Electronically Advanced Materials, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
Department Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2010 / Accepted: 25 October 2010 / Published: 1 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Nanomaterials Preparation)
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Abstract

The catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) is currently the most flexible and economically attractive method for the growth of carbon nanotubes. Although its principle is simple, the precisely controlled growth of carbon nanotubes remains very complex because many different parameters influence the growth process. In this article, we review our recent results obtained on the synthesis of carbon nanotubes via CCVD. We discuss the role of the catalyst and the catalyst support. Our recent results obtained from the water assisted growth and the equimolar C2H2-CO2 reaction are also discussed. Both procedures lead to significantly enhanced carbon nanotube growth. In particular, the latter allows growing carbon nanotubes on diverse substrate materials at low temperatures.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; catalytic chemical vapor deposition; catalyst; catalyst support carbon nanotubes; catalytic chemical vapor deposition; catalyst; catalyst support
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MDPI and ACS Style

Magrez, A.; Seo, J.W.; Smajda, R.; Mionić, M.; Forró, L. Catalytic CVD Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes: Towards High Yield and Low Temperature Growth. Materials 2010, 3, 4871-4891.

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