Materials 2009, 2(4), 1895-1907; doi:10.3390/ma2041895
Review

The Use of Ceramics as Bone Substitutes in Revision Hip Arthroplasty

1 Department of Academic Orthopaedic Surgery (University of Bristol), BIRC, Lower Level AOC, Southmead Hospital, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, BS10 5NB, UK 2 Avon Orthopaedic Centre, Southmead Hospital, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, BS10 5NB, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2009; in revised form: 16 November 2009 / Accepted: 18 November 2009 / Published: 19 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramics for Healthcare)
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Abstract: The number of grafting procedures, including those performed in primary and revision hip arthroplasty, continues to rise around the world. Demand for musculoskeletal donor tissue now outstrips supply. There is no single bone substitute that is ideal for all circumstances. Bone substitutes act as a scaffold and are usually osteoconductive. They are rarely osteoinductive; if they are, a molecular bond is formed between the graft and host bone, improving fixation and longevity. Bone graft substitutes are very rarely osteogenic. There is a growing body of clinical evidence supporting the use of bone graft substitutes in vivo for complex hip arthroplasty.
Keywords: ceramics; grafting; bone; hip arthroplasty; revision

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MDPI and ACS Style

Whitehouse, M.R.; Blom, A.W. The Use of Ceramics as Bone Substitutes in Revision Hip Arthroplasty. Materials 2009, 2, 1895-1907.

AMA Style

Whitehouse MR, Blom AW. The Use of Ceramics as Bone Substitutes in Revision Hip Arthroplasty. Materials. 2009; 2(4):1895-1907.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Whitehouse, Michael R.; Blom, Ashley W. 2009. "The Use of Ceramics as Bone Substitutes in Revision Hip Arthroplasty." Materials 2, no. 4: 1895-1907.

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