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Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments
Leibniz-Institut für Oberflächenmodifizierung, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
Received: 29 June 2009; in revised form: 31 August 2009 / Accepted: 18 September 2009 / Published: 21 September 2009
Abstract: Ion implantation, a common technology in semiconductor processing, has been applied to biomaterials since the 1960s. Using energetic ion bombardment, a general term which includes conventional ion implantation plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) and ion beam assisted thin film deposition, functionalization of surfaces is possible. By varying and adjusting the process parameters, several surface properties can be attuned simultaneously. Extensive research details improvements in the biocompatibility, mainly by reducing corrosion rates and increasing wear resistance after surface modification. Recently, enhanced bioactivity strongly correlated with the surface topography and less with the surface chemistry has been reported, with an increased roughness on the nanometer scale induced by self-organisation processes during ion bombardment leading to faster cellular adhesion processes.
Keywords: ion implantation; surface topography; biocompatibility; wear; corrosion
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MDPI and ACS Style
Mändl, S. Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments. Materials 2009, 2, 1341-1387.
Mändl S. Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments. Materials. 2009; 2(3):1341-1387.
Mändl, Stephan. 2009. "Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments." Materials 2, no. 3: 1341-1387.