Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Materials 2009, 2(3), 1341-1387; doi:10.3390/ma2031341
Review

Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments

Received: 29 June 2009; in revised form: 31 August 2009 / Accepted: 18 September 2009 / Published: 21 September 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocompatibility of Materials)
Download PDF [2497 KB, uploaded 21 September 2009]
Abstract: Ion implantation, a common technology in semiconductor processing, has been applied to biomaterials since the 1960s. Using energetic ion bombardment, a general term which includes conventional ion implantation plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) and ion beam assisted thin film deposition, functionalization of surfaces is possible. By varying and adjusting the process parameters, several surface properties can be attuned simultaneously. Extensive research details improvements in the biocompatibility, mainly by reducing corrosion rates and increasing wear resistance after surface modification. Recently, enhanced bioactivity strongly correlated with the surface topography and less with the surface chemistry has been reported, with an increased roughness on the nanometer scale induced by self-organisation processes during ion bombardment leading to faster cellular adhesion processes.
Keywords: ion implantation; surface topography; biocompatibility; wear; corrosion ion implantation; surface topography; biocompatibility; wear; corrosion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Mändl, S. Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments. Materials 2009, 2, 1341-1387.

AMA Style

Mändl S. Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments. Materials. 2009; 2(3):1341-1387.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mändl, Stephan. 2009. "Increased Biocompatibility and Bioactivity after Energetic PVD Surface Treatments." Materials 2, no. 3: 1341-1387.


Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert