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Biodegradability of Poly(hydroxyalkanoate) Materials
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University / 4 Colby Street, Medford, MA 02155, USA
Chemical Analysis Team, RIKEN Advanced Science Institute/ Hirosawa 2-1, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo / 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2009; in revised form: 19 August 2009 / Accepted: 24 August 2009 / Published: 28 August 2009
Abstract: Poly(hydroxyalkanoate) (PHA), which is produced from renewable carbon resources by many microorganisms, is an environmentally compatible polymeric material and can be processed into films and fibers. Biodegradation of PHA material occurs due to the action of extracellular PHA depolymerase secreted from microorganisms in various natural environments. A key step in determining the overall enzymatic or environmental degradation rate of PHA material is the degradation of PHA lamellar crystals in materials; hence, the degradation mechanism of PHA lamellar crystals has been studied in detail over the last two decades. In this review, the relationship between crystal structure and enzymatic degradation behavior, in particular degradation rates, of films and fibers for PHA is described.
Keywords: poly(hydroxyalkanoate) (PHA); biodegradation; PHA depolymerase
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MDPI and ACS Style
Numata, K.; Abe, H.; Iwata, T. Biodegradability of Poly(hydroxyalkanoate) Materials. Materials 2009, 2, 1104-1126.
Numata K, Abe H, Iwata T. Biodegradability of Poly(hydroxyalkanoate) Materials. Materials. 2009; 2(3):1104-1126.
Numata, Keiji; Abe, Hideki; Iwata, Tadahisa. 2009. "Biodegradability of Poly(hydroxyalkanoate) Materials." Materials 2, no. 3: 1104-1126.