Materials 2009, 2(3), 1127-1179; doi:10.3390/ma2031127
Article

Syntheses and Functional Properties of Phthalocyanines

1,2,* email and 2,3,#email
Received: 27 June 2009; in revised form: 19 August 2009 / Accepted: 24 August 2009 / Published: 28 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Colorants)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Metal phthalocyanine tetrasulfonic acids, metal phthalocyanine octacarboxylic acids, metal octakis(hexyloxymethyl)phthalocyanines, and metal anthraquinocyanines have been synthesized. Then, zinc bis(1,4-didecylbenzo)-bis(3,4-pyrido)porphyrazines, the cyclotetramerization products of a 1:1 mixture of 3,6-didecylphthalonitrile and 3,4-dicyanopyridine, were synthesized. Futher, subphthalocyanine and its derivatives, with substituents such as thiobutyl and thiophenyl moieties were synthesized. Electrochemical measurements were performed on the abovementioned phthalocyanine derivatives and analogues in order to examine their electron transfer abilities and electrochemical reaction mechanisms in an organic solvent. Moreover, 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octakis(thiophenylmethyl) phthalocyanes were synthesized. The Q-bands of the latter compounds appeared in the near-infrared region. Furthermore, non-colored transparent films in the visible region can be produced.
Keywords: phtalocyanine; subphthalocyanine; electrochemistry; near infrared absorption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sakamoto, K.; Ohno-Okumura, E. Syntheses and Functional Properties of Phthalocyanines. Materials 2009, 2, 1127-1179.

AMA Style

Sakamoto K, Ohno-Okumura E. Syntheses and Functional Properties of Phthalocyanines. Materials. 2009; 2(3):1127-1179.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sakamoto, Keiichi; Ohno-Okumura, Eiko. 2009. "Syntheses and Functional Properties of Phthalocyanines." Materials 2, no. 3: 1127-1179.

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