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Materials 2017, 10(7), 712; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10070712

Scale Up Pillaring: A Study of the Parameters That Influence the Process

Laboratory of Molecular Sieves—LABPEMOL, Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte—UFRN, Av. Senador Salgado Filho, 3000, Lagoa Nova, University Campus, 59072-970 Natal-RN, Brazil
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Academic Editor: Miguel A. Vicente
Received: 28 April 2017 / Revised: 14 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
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Abstract

Pillared clays (PILCs) are interesting materials mostly due to their high basal spacing and surface area, which make them suitable for adsorption and catalysis applications, for example. However, the production of these materials on industrial scale is dependent on research about what parameters influence the process. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate what parameters influence the pillaring procedure. For this, pillared clays were synthesized following three series of experiments. In the first series, the effect of the amount of water in a clay suspension was evaluated. The best results were obtained by using diluted suspensions (1 g of clay to 100 mL of water). In the second series, several pillaring methods were tested. In the third series, the amount of pillared clay was raised to 50 g. Fifty grams of pillared clay can be obtained using the pillaring agent synthesized at 60 °C with further aging for 24 h, and this material exhibited high basal spacing (17.6 Å) and surface area (233 m2/g). These values are comparable with the traditional pillaring method using only 3 g of clay. View Full-Text
Keywords: clays; Al-PILC; pillared clays; scale up clays; Al-PILC; pillared clays; scale up
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Bertella, F.; Pergher, S.B.C. Scale Up Pillaring: A Study of the Parameters That Influence the Process. Materials 2017, 10, 712.

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