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Materials 2017, 10(6), 671; doi:10.3390/ma10060671

Study on Temper Embrittlement and Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Hydrogenation Reactor by Small Punch Test

1
School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
2
Advanced Materials for Clean Energy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A9, Canada
3
Department of Material Engineering, Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, VŠB—Technical University of Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 2172/15, 708 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Lancaster
Received: 30 March 2017 / Revised: 6 June 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 19 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from SSTT2016)
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Abstract

The study on temper embrittlement and hydrogen embrittlement of a test block from a 3Cr1Mo1/4V hydrogenation reactor after ten years of service was carried out by small punch test (SPT) at different temperatures. The SPT fracture energy Esp (derived from integrating the load-displacement curve) divided by the maximum load (Fm) of SPT was used to fit the Esp/Fm versus-temperature curve to determine the energy transition temperature (Tsp) which corresponded to the ductile-brittle transition temperature of the Charpy impact test. The results indicated that the ratio of Esp/Fm could better represent the energy of transition in SPT compared with Esp. The ductile-to-brittle transition temperature of the four different types of materials was measured using the hydrogen charging test by SPT. These four types of materials included the base metal and the weld metal in the as-received state, and the base metal and the weld metal in the de-embrittled state. The results showed that there was a degree of temper embrittlement in the base metal and the weld metal after ten years of service at 390 °C. The specimens became slightly more brittle but this was not obvious after hydrogen charging. Because the toughness of the material of the hydrogenation reactor was very good, the flat samples of SPT could not characterize the energy transition temperature within the liquid nitrogen temperature. Additionally, there was no synergetic effect of temper embrittlement and hydrogen embrittlement found in 3Cr1Mo1/4V steel. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3Cr1Mo1/4V steel; small punch test; energy transition temperature; temper embrittlement; hydrogen embrittlement 3Cr1Mo1/4V steel; small punch test; energy transition temperature; temper embrittlement; hydrogen embrittlement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, K.; Szpunar, J.A.; Matocha, K.; Wang, D. Study on Temper Embrittlement and Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Hydrogenation Reactor by Small Punch Test. Materials 2017, 10, 671.

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