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Materials 2017, 10(3), 247; doi:10.3390/ma10030247

Preparation and Characterization of Polyurethanes with Cross-Linked Siloxane in the Side Chain by Sol-Gel Reactions

1
Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Green Preparation and Application for Functional Materials, School of Materials Science & Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
2
Laboratory of Reactions and Process Engineering, CNRS-University of Lorraine, 1 rue Grandville, BP 20451, Nancy Cedex 54001, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Silvia Gross
Received: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2017 / Published: 28 February 2017
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Abstract

A series of novel polyurethanes containing cross-linked siloxane in the side chain (SPU) were successfully synthesized through a sol-gel process. The SPU was composed of 0%–20% N-(n-butyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (HDI-T) modified hexamethylene diisocynate homopolymer. The effects of HDI-T content on both the structure and properties of SPU were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), mechanical properties tests, gel content test, water contact angle measurement and water absorption test. FT-IR, XPS and XRD results confirmed the successful incorporation of HDI-T onto polyurethanes and the formation of Si–O–Si. The surface roughness and the Si content of SPU enhanced with the increase of HDI-T content. Both crystallization and melting temperature shifted to a lower point after the incorporation of HDI-T. The hydrophobicity, tensile strength, Young’s modulus and pencil hardness overall increased with the increasing of HDI-T content, whereas the thermal stability and the elongation at break of SPU slightly decreased. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-linked; polysiloxane; polyurethane; micromorphology cross-linked; polysiloxane; polyurethane; micromorphology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhao, H.; Hao, T.-H.; Hu, G.-H.; Shi, D.; Huang, D.; Jiang, T.; Zhang, Q.-C. Preparation and Characterization of Polyurethanes with Cross-Linked Siloxane in the Side Chain by Sol-Gel Reactions. Materials 2017, 10, 247.

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