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Materials 2017, 10(11), 1238; doi:10.3390/ma10111238

Electrospun Ceramic Nanofiber Mats Today: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

1
Department of Materials Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan 65178-38695, Iran
2
Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang 26300, Kuantan, Malaysia
3
Center for Nanofibers and Nanotechnology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, 2 Engineering Drive 3, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2017 / Revised: 10 October 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrospun Materials 2018)
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Abstract

Ceramic nanofibers (NFs) have recently been developed for advanced applications due to their unique properties. In this article, we review developments in electrospun ceramic NFs with regard to their fabrication process, properties, and applications. We find that surface activity of electrospun ceramic NFs is improved by post pyrolysis, hydrothermal, and carbothermal processes. Also, when combined with another surface modification methods, electrospun ceramic NFs result in the advancement of properties and widening of the application domains. With the decrease in diameter and length of a fiber, many properties of fibrous materials are modified; characteristics of such ceramic NFs are different from their wide and long (bulk) counterparts. In this article, electrospun ceramic NFs are reviewed with an emphasis on their applications as catalysts, membranes, sensors, biomaterials, fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, energy harvesting systems, electric and magnetic parts, conductive wires, and wearable electronic textiles. Furthermore, properties of ceramic nanofibers, which enable the above applications, and techniques to characterize them are briefly outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; nano fabrication; nano ceramic fibers; materials characterization; properties of ceramic materials electrospinning; nano fabrication; nano ceramic fibers; materials characterization; properties of ceramic materials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Esfahani, H.; Jose, R.; Ramakrishna, S. Electrospun Ceramic Nanofiber Mats Today: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications. Materials 2017, 10, 1238.

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