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Materials 2017, 10(11), 1236; doi:10.3390/ma10111236

Simulation and Experimental Studies on Grain Selection and Structure Design of the Spiral Selector for Casting Single Crystal Ni-Based Superalloy

State Key Laboratory of Manufacturing System Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi’an Jiao Tong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials Processing Technology, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 September 2017 / Revised: 21 October 2017 / Accepted: 22 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
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Grain selection is an important process in single crystal turbine blades manufacturing. Selector structure is a control factor of grain selection, as well as directional solidification (DS). In this study, the grain selection and structure design of the spiral selector were investigated through experimentation and simulation. A heat transfer model and a 3D microstructure growth model were established based on the Cellular automaton-Finite difference (CA-FD) method for the grain selector. Consequently, the temperature field, the microstructure and the grain orientation distribution were simulated and further verified. The average error of the temperature result was less than 1.5%. The grain selection mechanisms were further analyzed and validated through simulations. The structural design specifications of the selector were suggested based on the two grain selection effects. The structural parameters of the spiral selector, namely, the spiral tunnel diameter (dw), the spiral pitch (hb) and the spiral diameter (hs), were studied and the design criteria of these parameters were proposed. The experimental and simulation results demonstrated that the improved selector could accurately and efficiently produce a single crystal structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: single crystal; spiral selector; directional solidification; structural parameter single crystal; spiral selector; directional solidification; structural parameter

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, H.; Xu, Q. Simulation and Experimental Studies on Grain Selection and Structure Design of the Spiral Selector for Casting Single Crystal Ni-Based Superalloy. Materials 2017, 10, 1236.

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