Next Article in Journal
Effect of Nano-CuO on Engineering and Microstructure Properties of Fibre-Reinforced Mortars Incorporating Metakaolin: Experimental and Numerical Studies
Next Article in Special Issue
Sealing Ability of Alkaline Endodontic Cements versus Resin Cements
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Activation of Alkaline Irrigation Fluids in Endodontics
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2017, 10(10), 1219; doi:10.3390/ma10101219

Aspects of Solvent Chemistry for Calcium Hydroxide Medicaments

Private dental practice, Annerley, QLD 4013, Australia
School of Dentistry, University of Queensland, Herston, Brisbane, QLD 4004, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Biomaterials 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [421 KB, uploaded 24 October 2017]   |  


Calcium hydroxide pastes have been used in endodontics since 1947. Most current calcium hydroxide endodontic pastes use water as the vehicle, which limits the dissolution of calcium hydroxide that can be achieved and, thereby, the maximum pH that can be achieved within the root canal system. Using polyethylene glycol as a solvent, rather than water, can achieve an increase in hydroxyl ions release compared to water or saline. By adopting non-aqueous solvents such as the polyethylene glycols (PEG), greater dissolution and faster hydroxyl ion release can be achieved, leading to enhanced antimicrobial actions, and other improvements in performance and biocompatibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: endodontics; medicaments; calcium hydroxide; polyethylene glycol; alkalinity; disinfection endodontics; medicaments; calcium hydroxide; polyethylene glycol; alkalinity; disinfection

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Athanassiadis, B.; Walsh, L.J. Aspects of Solvent Chemistry for Calcium Hydroxide Medicaments. Materials 2017, 10, 1219.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top