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Materials 2017, 10(10), 1180; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10101180

Transition of Emission Colours as a Consequence of Heat-Treatment of Carbon Coated Ce3+-Doped YAG Phosphors

1
School of Energy Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, 2006 Xiyuan Road, Chengdu 610051, China
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Van der Maasweg 9, 2629 HZ Delft, The Netherlands
3
Luminescent Materials Research Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft, The Netherlands
4
Semiconductor Device Materials Group, International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2017 / Revised: 12 October 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
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Abstract

To modify the luminescence properties of Ce3+-doped Y3Al5O12 (YAG) phosphors, they have been coated with a carbon layer by chemical vapor deposition and subsequently heat-treated at high temperature under N2 atmosphere. Luminescence of the carbon coated YAG:Ce3+ phosphors has been investigated as a function of heat-treatment at 1500 and 1650 °C. The 540 nm emission intensity of C@YAG:Ce3+ is the highest when heated at 1650 °C, while a blue emission at 400–420 nm is observed when heated at 1500 °C but not at 1650 °C. It is verified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) that the intriguing luminescence changes are induced by the formation of new phases in C@YAG:Ce3+-1500 °C, which disappear in C@YAG:Ce3+-1650 °C. In order to understand the mechanisms responsible for the enhancement of YAG:Ce3+ emission and the presence of the blue emission observed for C@YAG:Ce3+-1500 °C, the samples have been investigated by a combination of several electron microscopy techniques, such as HRTEM, SEM-CL, and SEM-EDS. This local and cross-sectional analysis clearly reveals a gradual transformation of phase and morphology in heated C@YAG:Ce3+ phosphors, which is related to a reaction between C and YAG:Ce3+ in N2 atmosphere. Through reaction between the carbon layer and YAG host materials, the emission colour of the phosphors can be modified from yellow, white, and then back to yellow under UV excitation as a function of heat-treatment in N2 atmosphere. View Full-Text
Keywords: YAG:Ce3+; phosphors; luminescence; carbon coating; electron microscopy; cathodoluminescence; heat treatment YAG:Ce3+; phosphors; luminescence; carbon coating; electron microscopy; cathodoluminescence; heat treatment
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Yin, L.-J.; Dierre, B.; Sekiguchi, T.; van Ommen, J.R.; Hintzen, H.T.B.; Cho, Y. Transition of Emission Colours as a Consequence of Heat-Treatment of Carbon Coated Ce3+-Doped YAG Phosphors. Materials 2017, 10, 1180.

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