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Energies 2016, 9(8), 599; doi:10.3390/en9080599

On-Site Measurements of CO2 Emissions during the Construction Phase of a Building Complex

1
POSCO E & C, 241 Main Street of Incheon Tower, Incheon 22009, Korea
2
Department of Architectural Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enrico Sciubba
Received: 7 April 2016 / Revised: 3 June 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 28 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CO2 Capture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3382 KB, uploaded 28 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study describes the environmental impact of the material production, transportation, and construction phases from the construction site perspective. CO2 emissions for each process were determined using the Korea Life Cycle Inventory Database (LCI DB) in the material production phase, and the actual amounts of oil consumption for transportation equipment were identified in the material transportation phase. Generally, the oil and electric energy consumed during the construction was evaluated by direct monitoring. Through the construction period and cost according to work type, a correlation with CO2 emissions was also investigated. In addition, CO2 emissions were examined through the system capacity and gross floor area for each work type. The calculations have shown that CO2 emissions from the material production phase constitute 93.4% of the total CO2 emissions. In addition, CO2 emissions from the material transportation and on-site construction account for 2.4% and 4.2% of the total CO2 emissions, respectively. This paper concludes that it is important to select appropriate input materials and resources for the reduction of CO2 emissions. Furthermore, the amount of CO2 emissions arising from the construction site was reduced by finding and practicing measures to reduce CO2 emissions for each process. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 emission; building construction; energy consumption CO2 emission; building construction; energy consumption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Seo, M.-S.; Kim, T.; Hong, G.; Kim, H. On-Site Measurements of CO2 Emissions during the Construction Phase of a Building Complex. Energies 2016, 9, 599.

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