Next Article in Journal
Gas-Path Health Estimation for an Aircraft Engine Based on a Sliding Mode Observer
Next Article in Special Issue
Promoting Effect of Inorganic Alkali on Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in Amine-Modified MCM-41
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Analysis of Voltage Control in Battery Power Converters for Inverter-Based AC Microgrids
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2016, 9(8), 599;

On-Site Measurements of CO2 Emissions during the Construction Phase of a Building Complex

POSCO E & C, 241 Main Street of Incheon Tower, Incheon 22009, Korea
Department of Architectural Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enrico Sciubba
Received: 7 April 2016 / Revised: 3 June 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 28 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CO2 Capture)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3382 KB, uploaded 28 July 2016]   |  


This study describes the environmental impact of the material production, transportation, and construction phases from the construction site perspective. CO2 emissions for each process were determined using the Korea Life Cycle Inventory Database (LCI DB) in the material production phase, and the actual amounts of oil consumption for transportation equipment were identified in the material transportation phase. Generally, the oil and electric energy consumed during the construction was evaluated by direct monitoring. Through the construction period and cost according to work type, a correlation with CO2 emissions was also investigated. In addition, CO2 emissions were examined through the system capacity and gross floor area for each work type. The calculations have shown that CO2 emissions from the material production phase constitute 93.4% of the total CO2 emissions. In addition, CO2 emissions from the material transportation and on-site construction account for 2.4% and 4.2% of the total CO2 emissions, respectively. This paper concludes that it is important to select appropriate input materials and resources for the reduction of CO2 emissions. Furthermore, the amount of CO2 emissions arising from the construction site was reduced by finding and practicing measures to reduce CO2 emissions for each process. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 emission; building construction; energy consumption CO2 emission; building construction; energy consumption

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, M.-S.; Kim, T.; Hong, G.; Kim, H. On-Site Measurements of CO2 Emissions during the Construction Phase of a Building Complex. Energies 2016, 9, 599.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top