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Energies 2016, 9(9), 667; doi:10.3390/en9090667

Promoting Effect of Inorganic Alkali on Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in Amine-Modified MCM-41

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Emission Surveillance and Control for Thermal Power Generation, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
2
Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, Shanxi, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fernando Rubiera González
Received: 3 June 2016 / Revised: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 August 2016 / Published: 23 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CO2 Capture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1966 KB, uploaded 23 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Three kinds of inorganic alkali are introduced into tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) and polyethyleneimine (PEI)-modified MCM-41 as the CO2 adsorbents. X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption, fourier-transform infrared and thermo gravimetric analysis are used to characterize the surface structures and the thermal stability of adsorbents. Chemical titration method is used to measure the alkali amounts of adsorbents. Thermo-gravimetric analysis with 10% CO2/90% N2 as the simulated flue gas is used to test the CO2 adsorption performance of adsorbents. The results show that all three kinds of inorganic alkali-containing adsorbents exhibit higher CO2 adsorption capability than traditional TEPA and PEI modified samples. Ca(OH)2 and PEI modified samples exhibit the highest adsorption capacity and recyclable property. The introduction of inorganic alkali changes the chemical adsorption mechanism between CO2 and adsorbent surface due to the increased hydroxyl groups. The CO2 adsorption capacities have a linear dependence relation with the alkali amounts of adsorbents, indicating that alkali amount is a critical factor for the exploration of novel adsorbents. View Full-Text
Keywords: amine-modified MCM-41; CO2 adsorption; inorganic alkali; alkali amounts amine-modified MCM-41; CO2 adsorption; inorganic alkali; alkali amounts
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Teng, Y.; Li, L.; Xu, G.; Zhang, K.; Li, K. Promoting Effect of Inorganic Alkali on Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in Amine-Modified MCM-41. Energies 2016, 9, 667.

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