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Energies 2016, 9(5), 363; doi:10.3390/en9050363

Hydropower Production in Future Climate Scenarios: The Case for Kwanza River, Angola

1
Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE), Department of Hydrology, Middelthuns gate 29, Oslo 0301, Norway
2
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, S.P. Andersens Vei. 5, Trondheim 7491, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan Ignacio Pérez-Díaz
Received: 3 March 2016 / Revised: 27 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 May 2016 / Published: 12 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydropower)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4171 KB, uploaded 12 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Climate change is altering hydrological processes with varying degrees in various regions of the world and remains a threat to water resources projects in southern Africa. The likely negative impacts of changes in Africa may be worse than in most other regions of the world. This study is an evaluation of the possible impacts of climate change on water resources and hydropower production potential in Kwanza River Basin, Angola. The regional climate data, the basis for future climate scenarios, is used in the hydrological model HBV to assess climate change impacts on water resources in the Kwanza River Basin. Evaluation of changes in hydropower production potential is carried out using an energy model. The simulations show that annual rainfall in 2080 would increase by approximately 16% with increasing inter-annual variability of rainfall and dry season river flow and later onset of the rainy season. The simulation results show that for the Kwanza River Basin the effects as a result of changes in the future climate, in general, will be positive. Consequently, the increase in water resources will lead to increased hydropower production potential in the basin by up to 10%. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; impacts; water resources; hydrology; hydropower production; Kwanza; Angola; Africa climate change; impacts; water resources; hydrology; hydropower production; Kwanza; Angola; Africa
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hamududu, B.H.; Killingtveit, Å. Hydropower Production in Future Climate Scenarios: The Case for Kwanza River, Angola. Energies 2016, 9, 363.

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