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Energies 2016, 9(5), 352; doi:10.3390/en9050352

Market Suitability and Performance Tradeoffs Offered by Commercial Wind Turbines across Differing Wind Regimes

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080, USA
College of Engineering, Architecture and Computer Sciences, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, 23–26 April 2012, in Honolulu, Hawaii, and the 14th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, 17–19 September 2012, in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 5 February 2016 / Revised: 27 April 2016 / Accepted: 27 April 2016 / Published: 7 May 2016


The suitability of turbine configurations to different wind resources has been traditionally restricted to considering turbines operating as standalone entities. In this paper, a framework is thus developed to investigate turbine suitability in terms of the minimum cost of energy offered when operating as a group of optimally-micro-sited turbines. The four major steps include: (i) characterizing the geographical variation of wind regimes in the onshore U.S. market; (ii) determining the best performing turbines for different wind regimes through wind farm layout optimization; (iii) developing a metric to quantify the expected market suitability of available turbine configurations; and (iv) exploring the best tradeoffs between the cost and capacity factor yielded by these turbines. One hundred thirty one types of commercial turbines offered by major global manufacturers in 2012 are considered for selection. It is found that, in general, higher rated power turbines with medium tower heights are the most favored. Interestingly, further analysis showed that “rotor diameter/hub height” ratios greater than 1.1 are the least attractive for any of the wind classes. It is also observed that although the “cost-capacity factor” tradeoff curve expectedly shifted towards higher capacity factors with increasing wind class, the trend of the tradeoff curve remained practically similar. View Full-Text
Keywords: capacity factor; cost of energy; turbine selection; wind farm layout optimization; wind map capacity factor; cost of energy; turbine selection; wind farm layout optimization; wind map

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chowdhury, S.; Mehmani, A.; Zhang, J.; Messac, A. Market Suitability and Performance Tradeoffs Offered by Commercial Wind Turbines across Differing Wind Regimes. Energies 2016, 9, 352.

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