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Energies 2016, 9(3), 171; doi:10.3390/en9030171

Design and Application of a Power Unit to Use Plug-In Electric Vehicles as an Uninterruptible Power Supply

1
Department of Electronics and Automation, Ipsala Vocational School, Trakya University, Ipsala, Edirne 22400, Turkey
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Electric-Electronics, Yildiz Technical University Davutpasa Campus, Esenler, Istanbul 34220, Turkey
3
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores—Investigação e Desenvolvimento (INESC-ID), Inst. Super. Tecn., University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, Lisbon 1049-001, Portugal
4
Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, R. Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
5
Department of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Beira Interior, R. Fonte do Lameiro, Covilhã 6201-001, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: K. T. Chau
Received: 8 January 2016 / Revised: 24 February 2016 / Accepted: 26 February 2016 / Published: 7 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric and Hybrid Vehicles)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7496 KB, uploaded 7 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Grid-enabled vehicles (GEVs) such as plug-in electric vehicles present environmental and energy sustainability advantages compared to conventional vehicles. GEV runs solely on power generated by its own battery group, which supplies power to its electric motor. This battery group can be charged from external electric sources. Nowadays, the interaction of GEV with the power grid is unidirectional by the charging process. However, GEV can be operated bi-directionally by modifying its power unit. In such operating conditions, GEV can operate as an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) and satisfy a portion or the total energy demand of the consumption center independent from utility grid, which is known as vehicle-to-home (V2H). In this paper, a power unit is developed for GEVs in the laboratory to conduct simulation and experimental studies to test the performance of GEVs as a UPS unit in V2H mode at the time of need. The activation and deactivation of the power unit and islanding protection unit are examined when energy is interrupted. View Full-Text
Keywords: grid-enabled vehicles; distributed generation; plug-in electric vehicles; plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; vehicle-to-home; uninterruptible power supply grid-enabled vehicles; distributed generation; plug-in electric vehicles; plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; vehicle-to-home; uninterruptible power supply
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sen, G.; Boynuegri, A.R.; Uzunoglu, M.; Erdinc, O.; Catalão, J.P.S. Design and Application of a Power Unit to Use Plug-In Electric Vehicles as an Uninterruptible Power Supply. Energies 2016, 9, 171.

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