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Energies 2016, 9(12), 1034; doi:10.3390/en9121034

Assessment of Renewable Sources for the Energy Consumption in Malta in the Mediterranean Sea

Department of Energy, Information Engineering and Mathematical Models, University of Palermo (UNIPA), 90128 Palermo, Italy
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Academic Editor: Francesco Asdrubali
Received: 24 September 2016 / Revised: 18 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 November 2016 / Published: 8 December 2016
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Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the energy production in the Maltese islands, focusing on the employment of renewable energies in order to increase their energy independence. The main renewable source here proposed is wave energy: thanks to a strategic position, Malta will be able to produce electrical energy using an innovative type of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) based on the prototype of a linear generator realized by University of Palermo. The use of this new technology will be able to cut down the electrical energy production from traditional power plants and, consequently, the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Wave energy source and off-shore photovoltaic (PV) technology are here proposed. Particularly, the installation of 12 wave farms, for a total installed capacity of 86 MW, will generate about 9.5% of Malta’s energy requirement in 2025, while the installation of 9.6 MW of off-shore PV will generate about 0.73%. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy; renewable energy; Mediterranean Sea; Wave Energy Converter (WEC); point absorber; Malta wave energy; renewable energy; Mediterranean Sea; Wave Energy Converter (WEC); point absorber; Malta
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Franzitta, V.; Curto, D.; Milone, D.; Rao, D. Assessment of Renewable Sources for the Energy Consumption in Malta in the Mediterranean Sea. Energies 2016, 9, 1034.

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