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Energies 2016, 9(12), 1033; doi:10.3390/en9121033

Experimental and Simulation Studies of Strength and Fracture Behaviors of Wind Turbine Bearing Steel Processed by High Pressure Torsion

1
Key Laboratory of Pressure Systems and Safety, Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, 200237 Shanghai, China
2
National Center for Advanced Tribology at Southampton (NCATS), University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3
Materials Research Group, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 3 November 2016 / Revised: 30 November 2016 / Accepted: 2 December 2016 / Published: 8 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Wind Turbines)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5197 KB, uploaded 8 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

White structure flaking (WSF) has been found to be one of the failure modes in bearing steels under rolling contacts through the formation of cracks associated with a microstructural change called white etching area (WEA). In the present research, the effects of the high-pressure torsion (HPT) process on the microstructure and mechanical properties of an AISI 52100 alloy are studied. An annealed AISI 52100 was subjected to high-pressure torsion at room temperature under a pressure of up to ~6 GPa for up to three turns. Finite-element modeling (FEM) was used to simulate the process under high-pressure torsion and quasi-constrained conditions to reveal the material property changes occurring in HPT. Scanning electron microscopy and microhardness testing after processing were used to investigate the microstructural and mechanical property evolution of the steel. Strain induced microstructural transformations occur and affect the mechanical properties in a similar way to the well-known white etching area (WEA) found beneath the surface of wind turbine bearings. Here, HPT is used to study the feasibility of creating microstructural changes that are similar to WEA. This paper presents the preliminary results of using HPT to produce WEAs. View Full-Text
Keywords: high pressure torsion (HPT); microstructure; mechanical properties; white etching area (WEA) high pressure torsion (HPT); microstructure; mechanical properties; white etching area (WEA)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, N.; Peña, L.V.W.; Wang, L.; Mellor, B.G.; Huang, Y. Experimental and Simulation Studies of Strength and Fracture Behaviors of Wind Turbine Bearing Steel Processed by High Pressure Torsion. Energies 2016, 9, 1033.

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