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Energies 2016, 9(12), 1032; doi:10.3390/en9121032

The Desalination Process Driven by Wave Energy: A Challenge for the Future

1
Department of Energy, Information engineering and Mathematical models, University of Palermo (UNIPA), 90128 Palermo, Italy
2
Departament of Ciências Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), San Paulo 09910-720, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Asdrubali
Received: 24 September 2016 / Revised: 13 November 2016 / Accepted: 25 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
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Abstract

The correlation between water and energy is currently the focus of several investigations. In particular, desalination is a technological process characterized by high energy consumption; nevertheless, desalination represents the only practicable solution in several areas, where the availability of fresh water is limited but brackish water or seawater are present. These natural resources (energy and water) are essential for each other; energy system conversion needs water, and electrical energy is necessary for water treatment or transport. Several interesting aspects include the study of saline desalination as an answer to freshwater needs and the application of renewable energy (RE) devices to satisfy electrical energy requirement for the desalination process. A merge between renewable energy and desalination is beneficial in that it is a sustainable and challenging option for the future. This work investigates the possibility of using renewable energy sources to supply the desalination process. In particular, as a case study, we analyze the application of wave energy sources in the Sicilian context. View Full-Text
Keywords: desalination; water; renewable energy; wave desalination; water; renewable energy; wave
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Franzitta, V.; Curto, D.; Milone, D.; Viola, A. The Desalination Process Driven by Wave Energy: A Challenge for the Future. Energies 2016, 9, 1032.

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