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Energies 2016, 9(11), 936; doi:10.3390/en9110936

Analysis of Power Network for Line Reactance Variation to Improve Total Transmission Capacity

1
Energy Department, Complex Energy Systems, Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Department Electrical Sustainable Energy, Faculty Electrical Engineering, 1220 Wien, Austria
2
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and IT, Technical University Vienna, 1040 Wien, Austria
3
Department Electrical Sustainable Energy Faculty, Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, TU Delft, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ying-Yi Hong
Received: 25 July 2016 / Revised: 29 September 2016 / Accepted: 2 November 2016 / Published: 10 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Systems Research 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3349 KB, uploaded 10 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

The increasing growth in power demand and the penetration of renewable distributed generations in competitive electricity market demands large and flexible capacity from the transmission grid to reduce transmission bottlenecks. The bottlenecks cause transmission congestion, reliability problems, restrict competition, and limit the maximum dispatch of low cost generations in the network. The electricity system requires efficient utilization of the current transmission capability to improve the Available Transfer Capability (ATC). To improve the ATC, power flow among the lines can be managed by using Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices as power flow controllers, which alter the parameters of power lines. It is important to place FACTS devices on suitable lines to vary the reactance for improving Total Transmission Capacity (TTC) of the network and provide flexibility in the power flow. In this paper a transmission network is analyzed based on line parameters variation to improve TTC of the interconnected system. Lines are selected for placing FACTS devices based on real power flow Performance Index (PI) sensitivity factors. TTC is computed using the Repeated Power Flow (RPF) method using the constraints of lines thermal limits, bus voltage limits and generator limits. The reactance of suitable lines, selected on the basis of PI sensitivity factors are changed to divert the power flow to other lines with enough transfer capacity available. The improvement of TTC using line reactance variation is demonstrated with three IEEE test systems with multi-area networks. The results show the variation of the selected lines’ reactance in improving TTC for all the test networks with defined contingency cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Available Transfer Capability (ATC); PTDF; FACTS; real power flow Performance Index sensitivity Available Transfer Capability (ATC); PTDF; FACTS; real power flow Performance Index sensitivity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ullah, I.; Gawlik, W.; Palensky, P. Analysis of Power Network for Line Reactance Variation to Improve Total Transmission Capacity. Energies 2016, 9, 936.

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