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Energies 2015, 8(9), 9751-9776; doi:10.3390/en8099751

Parametric Optimization of Regenerative Organic Rankine Cycle System for Diesel Engine Based on Particle Swarm Optimization

1
College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Pingleyuan No. 100, Beijing 100124, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Pingleyuan, No. 100, Beijing 100124, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chang Sik Lee
Received: 6 August 2015 / Revised: 29 August 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 9 September 2015
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Abstract

To efficiently recover the waste heat from a diesel engine exhaust, a regenerative organic Rankine cycle (RORC) system was employed, and butane, R124, R416A, and R134a were used as the working fluids. The resulting diesel engine-RORC combined system was defined and the relevant evaluation indexes were proposed. First, the variation tendency of the exhaust energy rate under various diesel engine operating conditions was analyzed using experimental data. The thermodynamic model of the RORC system was established based on the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and the net power output and exergy destruction rate of the RORC system were selected as the objective functions. A particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm was used to optimize the operating parameters of the RORC system, including evaporating pressure, intermediate pressure, and degree of superheat. The operating performances of the RORC system and diesel engine-RORC combined system were studied for the four selected working fluids under various operating conditions of the diesel engine. The results show that the operating performances of the RORC system and the combined system using butane are optimal on the basis of optimizing the operating parameters; when the engine speed is 2200 r/min and engine torque is 1215 N·m, the net power output of the RORC system using butane is 36.57 kW, and the power output increasing ratio (POIR) of the combined system using butane is 11.56%. View Full-Text
Keywords: diesel engine; waste heat recovery; regenerative organic Rankine cycle (RORC); particle swarm optimization (PSO); various operating conditions diesel engine; waste heat recovery; regenerative organic Rankine cycle (RORC); particle swarm optimization (PSO); various operating conditions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, H.; Zhang, H.; Yang, F.; Song, S.; Chang, Y.; Bei, C.; Yang, K. Parametric Optimization of Regenerative Organic Rankine Cycle System for Diesel Engine Based on Particle Swarm Optimization. Energies 2015, 8, 9751-9776.

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