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Energies 2015, 8(7), 6249-6274; doi:10.3390/en8076249

FHT: A Novel Approach for Filtering High-Availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) Traffic

Department of Information and Communications Engineering, MPEES ARC, Myongji University, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 449-728, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Neville Watson
Received: 18 May 2015 / Revised: 11 June 2015 / Accepted: 12 June 2015 / Published: 25 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)


High-availability seamless redundancy (HSR) is a protocol for Ethernet networks that provides duplicated frames with zero recovery time in the event of any network component’s failure. It is suited for applications that demand high availability and a very short time-outs such as substation automation systems (SAS). However, HSR generates excessive unnecessary unicast frames and spreads them throughout connected-ring networks, whether or not the destination node exists in network’s rings. This unnecessary redundant traffic causes high bandwidth consumption, resulting in degradation of network performance. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for filtering and reducing HSR unicast traffic in connected-ring networks, called “filtering HSR traffic” (FHT). The purpose of FHT is to filter HSR unicast traffic and remove circulated traffic for all rings in connected-ring networks. Therefore, FHT significantly reduces network unicast traffic in connected-ring networks. The traffic performance of FHT has been analyzed, evaluated, and compared to that of standard HSR protocol and the port locking (PL) approach. Various simulations were conducted to validate the traffic performance analysis. Analytical and simulation results showed that, for our sample network, FHT reduced network unicast traffic by about 82% compared with standard HSR and by about 56% compared with the PL approach, thus freeing up network bandwidth and improving network traffic performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR); filtering HSR traffic (FHT); fault-tolerant network; substation automation system (SAS) high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR); filtering HSR traffic (FHT); fault-tolerant network; substation automation system (SAS)

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tien, N.X.; Rhee, J.M. FHT: A Novel Approach for Filtering High-Availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) Traffic. Energies 2015, 8, 6249-6274.

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