Next Article in Journal
An Experimental Study on the Macroscopic Spray Characteristics of Biodiesel and Diesel in a Constant Volume Chamber
Next Article in Special Issue
Finite Time Analysis of a Tri-Generation Cycle
Previous Article in Journal
State of Charge Estimation of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using an Adaptive Cubature Kalman Filter
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2015, 8(6), 5937-5951;

An Environmental Analysis of the Effect of Energy Saving, Production and Recovery Measures on Water Supply Systems under Scarcity Conditions

Department of Civil, Environmental, Aeronautic and Chemical Engineering University of Palermo, viale delle Scienze, Ed. 8, 90100 Palermo, Italy
Sering Engineering, Via E. Amari, 90132 Palermo, Italy
School of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna "Kore", Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Agnew
Received: 3 April 2015 / Revised: 8 June 2015 / Accepted: 9 June 2015 / Published: 17 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tri-Generation Cycles, Combined Heat, Power and Cooling (CHPC))
Full-Text   |   PDF [1869 KB, uploaded 17 June 2015]   |  


Water is one of the primary resources provided for maintaining quality of life and social status in urban areas. As potable water is considered to be a primary need, water service has usually been managed without examining the economic and environmental sustainability of supply processes. Currently, due to increases in energy costs and the growth of environment preservation policies, reducing water leakage, energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) production have become primary objectives in reducing the environmental footprint of water service. The present paper suggests the implementation of some performance indicators that show the interdependence of water loss, energy consumption and GHG emission. These indicators are used to compare a few possible mitigation scenarios involving water loss reduction and increasing the system’s energy efficiency. The proposed indicators were applied to a complex urban water supply system serving the city of Palermo (Italy). View Full-Text
Keywords: water supply; energy; leakage; GHG; performance indicators water supply; energy; leakage; GHG; performance indicators

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Puleo, V.; Sambito, M.; Freni, G. An Environmental Analysis of the Effect of Energy Saving, Production and Recovery Measures on Water Supply Systems under Scarcity Conditions. Energies 2015, 8, 5937-5951.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top