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Energies 2015, 8(6), 5952-5972; doi:10.3390/en8065952

An Experimental Study on the Macroscopic Spray Characteristics of Biodiesel and Diesel in a Constant Volume Chamber

Department of Thermal Science and Energy Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chang Sik Lee
Received: 25 March 2015 / Revised: 10 June 2015 / Accepted: 11 June 2015 / Published: 17 June 2015
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the macroscopic spray characteristics of different 0%–100% blends of biodiesel derived from drainage oil and diesel (BD0, BD20, BD50, BD80, BD100), such as spray tip penetration, average tip velocity at penetration, spray angle, average spray angle, spray evolution process, spray area and spray volume under different injection pressures (60, 70, 80, 90, 100 MPa) and ambient pressures (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9 MPa) using a common rail system equipped with a constant volume chamber. The characteristic data was extracted from spray images grabbed by a high speed visualization system. The results showed that the ambient pressure and injection pressure had significant effects on the spray characteristics. As the ambient pressure increased, the spray angle increased, while the spray tip penetration and the peak of average tip velocity decreased. As the injection pressure increased, the spray tip penetration, spray angle, spray area and spray volume increased. The increasing blend ratio of biodiesel brought about a shorter spray tip penetration and a smaller spray angle compared with those of diesel. This is due to the comparatively higher viscosity and surface tension of biodiesel, which enhanced the friction effect between fuel and the injector nozzle surface and inhibited the breakup of the liquid jet. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; diesel; macroscopic spray characteristics; visualization biodiesel; diesel; macroscopic spray characteristics; visualization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, H.; Song, L.; Xie, Y.; Pi, D.; Shao, C.; Lin, Q. An Experimental Study on the Macroscopic Spray Characteristics of Biodiesel and Diesel in a Constant Volume Chamber. Energies 2015, 8, 5952-5972.

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