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Energies 2015, 8(6), 5287-5302; doi:10.3390/en8065287

A Medium-Scale 50 MWfuel Biomass Gasification Based Bio-SNG Plant: A Developed Gas Cleaning Process

1
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Cortus Energy AB, Skalholtsvägen 2, SE-164 40 Kista, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas E. Amidon
Received: 11 February 2015 / Revised: 4 May 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 3 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioenergy and Biorefining)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [371 KB, uploaded 5 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Natural gas is becoming increasingly important as a primary energy source. A suitable replacement for fossil natural gas is bio-SNG, produced by biomass gasification, followed by methanation. A major challenge is efficient gas cleaning processes for removal of sulfur compounds and other impurities. The present study focuses on development of a gas cleaning step for a product gas produced in a 50 MWfuel gasification system. The developed gas cleaning washing process is basically a modification of the Rectisol process. Several different process configurations were evaluated using Aspen plus, including PC-SAFT for the thermodynamic modeling. The developed configuration takes advantage of only one methanol wash column, compared to two columns in a conventional Rectisol process. Results from modeling show the ability of the proposed configuration to remove impurities to a sufficiently low concentrations - almost zero concentration for H2S, CS2, HCl, NH3 and HCN, and approximately 0.01 mg/Nm3 for COS. These levels are acceptable for further upgrading of the gas in a methanation process. Simultaneously, up to 92% of the original CO2 is preserved in the final cleaned syngas stream. No process integration or economic consideration was performed within the scope of the present study, but will be investigated in future projects to improve the overall process. View Full-Text
Keywords: absorption process; biomass; gas cleaning; gasification; sulfur; bio-SNG; WoodRoll® absorption process; biomass; gas cleaning; gasification; sulfur; bio-SNG; WoodRoll®
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sadegh-Vaziri, R.; Amovic, M.; Ljunggren, R.; Engvall, K. A Medium-Scale 50 MWfuel Biomass Gasification Based Bio-SNG Plant: A Developed Gas Cleaning Process. Energies 2015, 8, 5287-5302.

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