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Energies 2015, 8(6), 5107-5121; doi:10.3390/en8065107

Fast Pyrolysis of Four Lignins from Different Isolation Processes Using Py-GC/MS

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, Heilongjiang, China
2
Department of Chemistry, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
3
School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, Liaoning, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas E. Amidon
Received: 6 April 2015 / Accepted: 22 May 2015 / Published: 1 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioenergy and Biorefining)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [710 KB, uploaded 1 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Pyrolysis is a promising approach that is being investigated to convert lignin into higher value products including biofuels and phenolic chemicals. In this study, fast pyrolysis of four types of lignin, including milled Amur linden wood lignin (MWL), enzymatic hydrolysis corn stover lignin (EHL), wheat straw alkali lignin (AL) and wheat straw sulfonate lignin (SL), were performed using pyrolysis gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the four lignins exhibited widely different thermolysis behaviors. The four lignins had similar functional groups according to the FTIR analysis. Syringyl, guaiacyl and p-hydroxyphenylpropane structural units were broken down during pyrolysis. Fast pyrolysis product distributions from the four lignins depended strongly on the lignin origin and isolation process. Phenols were the most abundant pyrolysis products from MWL, EHL and AL. However, SL produced a large number of furan compounds and sulfur compounds originating from kraft pulping. The effects of pyrolysis temperature and time on the product distributions from corn stover EHL were also studied. At 350 °C, EHL pyrolysis mainly produced acids and alcohols, while phenols became the main products at higher temperature. No obvious influence of pyrolysis time was observed on EHL pyrolysis product distributions. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignin; fast pyrolysis; phenolic compounds; Py-GC/MS lignin; fast pyrolysis; phenolic compounds; Py-GC/MS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lin, X.; Sui, S.; Tan, S.; Pittman, C.U., Jr.; Sun, J.; Zhang, Z. Fast Pyrolysis of Four Lignins from Different Isolation Processes Using Py-GC/MS. Energies 2015, 8, 5107-5121.

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