Next Article in Journal
Investigation of Heat Generation from Biomass Fuels
Next Article in Special Issue
Power Management Optimization of an Experimental Fuel Cell/Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid System
Previous Article in Journal
Fast Pyrolysis of Four Lignins from Different Isolation Processes Using Py-GC/MS
Previous Article in Special Issue
Energy Efficiency Comparison between Hydraulic Hybrid and Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2015, 8(6), 5122-5142; doi:10.3390/en8065122

A Rule-Based Energy Management Strategy for a Plug-in Hybrid School Bus Based on a Controller Area Network Bus

1
National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joeri Van Mierlo
Received: 9 March 2015 / Accepted: 25 May 2015 / Published: 1 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles)

Abstract

This paper presents a rule-based energy management strategy for a plug-in hybrid school bus (PHSB). In order to verify the effectiveness and rationality of the proposed energy management strategy, the powertrain and control models were built with MATLAB/Simulink. The PHSB powertrain model includes an engine model, ISG (integrated started and generator) model, drive motor model, power battery packs model, driver model, and vehicle longitudinal dynamics model. To evaluate the controller area network (CAN) bus performance features such as the bus load, signal hysteresis, and to verify the reliability and real-time performance of the CAN bus multi-node control method, a co-simulation platform was built with CANoe and MATLAB/Simulink. The co-simulation results show that the control strategy can meet the requirements of the PHSB’s dynamic performance. Meanwhile, the charge-depleting mode (CD) and charge-sustaining mode (CS) can switch between each other and maintain a state-of-charge (SoC) of around 30%, indicating that the energy management strategy effectively extends the working period of the CD mode and improves the fuel economy further. The energy consumption per 100 km includes 13.7 L diesel and 10.5 kW·h electricity with an initial SoC of 75%. The CANoe simulation results show that the bus communication performs well without error frames. View Full-Text
Keywords: plug-in hybrid school bus; energy management strategy; CANoe; co-simulation plug-in hybrid school bus; energy management strategy; CANoe; co-simulation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Peng, J.; Fan, H.; He, H.; Pan, D. A Rule-Based Energy Management Strategy for a Plug-in Hybrid School Bus Based on a Controller Area Network Bus. Energies 2015, 8, 5122-5142.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top