Next Article in Journal
Hybrid Intelligent Control Method to Improve the Frequency Support Capability of Wind Energy Conversion Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Model Property Based Material Balance and Energy Conservation Analysis for Process Industry Energy Transfer Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis and Optimization Design of a Solar Water Heating System Based on Life Cycle Cost Using a Genetic Algorithm
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimal Rule-Based Power Management for Online, Real-Time Applications in HEVs with Multiple Sources and Objectives: A Review
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2015, 8(10), 11404-11429; doi:10.3390/en81011404

Re-Industrialisation and Low-Carbon Economy—Can They Go Together? Results from Stakeholder-Based Scenarios for Energy-Intensive Industries in the German State of North Rhine Westphalia

1
Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Energy and Environment, Döppersberg 19, 42103 Wuppertal, Germany
2
Umweltbundesamt, Deutsche Emissionshandelsstelle (DEHSt), Bismarckplatz 1, 14193 Berlin, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Lundmark
Received: 21 August 2015 / Revised: 17 September 2015 / Accepted: 29 September 2015 / Published: 13 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Energy System Modeling 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [908 KB, uploaded 19 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

The German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) is home to one of the most important industrial regions in Europe, and is the first German state to have adopted its own Climate Protection Law (CPL). This paper describes the long-term (up to 2050) mitigation scenarios for NRW’s main energy-intensive industrial sub-sectors which served to support the implementation of the CPL. It also describes the process of scenario development, as these scenarios were developed through stakeholder participation. The scenarios considered three different pathways (best-available technologies, break-through technologies, and CO2 capture and storage). All pathways had optimistic assumptions on the rate of industrial growth and availability of low-carbon electricity. We find that a policy of “re-industrialisation” for NRW based on the current industrial structures (assumed here to represent an average growth of NRWs industrial gross value added (GVA) of 1.6% per year until 2030 and 0.6% per year from 2030 to 2050), would pose a significant challenge for the achievement of overall energy demand and German greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets, in particular as remaining efficiency potentials in NRW are limited. In the best-available technology (BAT) scenario CO2 emission reductions of only 16% are achieved, whereas the low carbon (LC) and the carbon capture and storage (CCS) scenario achieve 50% and 79% reduction respectively. Our results indicate the importance of successful development and implementation of a decarbonised electricity supply and breakthrough technologies in industry—such as electrification, hydrogen-based processes for steel, alternative cements or CCS—if significant growth is to be achieved in combination with climate mitigation. They, however, also show that technological solutions alone, together with unmitigated growth in consumption of material goods, could be insufficient to meet GHG reduction targets in industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-carbon industry; reindustrialisation; North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW); stakeholder-based scenarios; trans-disciplinary research low-carbon industry; reindustrialisation; North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW); stakeholder-based scenarios; trans-disciplinary research
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lechtenböhmer, S.; Schneider, C.; Yetano Roche, M.; Höller, S. Re-Industrialisation and Low-Carbon Economy—Can They Go Together? Results from Stakeholder-Based Scenarios for Energy-Intensive Industries in the German State of North Rhine Westphalia. Energies 2015, 8, 11404-11429.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top