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Energies 2015, 8(10), 11430-11451; doi:10.3390/en81011430

Hybrid Intelligent Control Method to Improve the Frequency Support Capability of Wind Energy Conversion Systems

Department of Energy System Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 604-714, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 10 August 2015 / Revised: 21 September 2015 / Accepted: 29 September 2015 / Published: 13 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Wind Turbines)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [945 KB, uploaded 13 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents a hybrid intelligent control method that enables frequency support control for permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSGs) wind turbines. The proposed method for a wind energy conversion system (WECS) is designed to have PMSG modeling and full-scale back-to-back insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) converters comprising the machine and grid side. The controller of the machine side converter (MSC) and the grid side converter (GSC) are designed to achieve maximum power point tracking (MPPT) based on an improved hill climb searching (IHCS) control algorithm and de-loaded (DL) operation to obtain a power margin. Along with this comprehensive control of maximum power tracking mode based on the IHCS, a method for kinetic energy (KE) discharge control of the supporting primary frequency control scheme with DL operation is developed to regulate the short-term frequency response and maintain reliable operation of the power system. The effectiveness of the hybrid intelligent control method is verified by a numerical simulation in PSCAD/EMTDC. Simulation results show that the proposed approach can improve the frequency regulation capability in the power system. View Full-Text
Keywords: de-loaded (DL) operation; improved hill climb searching (IHCS); kinetic energy (KE) discharge; maximum power point tracking (MPPT); frequency support control de-loaded (DL) operation; improved hill climb searching (IHCS); kinetic energy (KE) discharge; maximum power point tracking (MPPT); frequency support control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Heo, S.Y.; Kim, M.K.; Choi, J.W. Hybrid Intelligent Control Method to Improve the Frequency Support Capability of Wind Energy Conversion Systems. Energies 2015, 8, 11430-11451.

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