Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Modelling of PEM Fuel Cell Performance: Steady-State and Dynamic Experimental Validation
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Public University of Navarre, Campus de Arrosadía, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2013; in revised form: 29 January 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 10 February 2014
Abstract: This paper reports on the modelling of a commercial 1.2 kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), based on interrelated electrical and thermal models. The electrical model proposed is based on the integration of the thermodynamic and electrochemical phenomena taking place in the FC whilst the thermal model is established from the FC thermal energy balance. The combination of both models makes it possible to predict the FC voltage, based on the current demanded and the ambient temperature. Furthermore, an experimental characterization is conducted and the parameters for the models associated with the FC electrical and thermal performance are obtained. The models are implemented in Matlab Simulink and validated in a number of operating environments, for steady-state and dynamic modes alike. In turn, the FC models are validated in an actual microgrid operating environment, through the series connection of 4 PEMFC. The simulations of the models precisely and accurately reproduce the FC electrical and thermal performance.
Keywords: PEM fuel cell; electrical model; thermal model; steady-state and dynamic performance; microgrid
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
San Martín, I.; Ursúa, A.; Sanchis, P. Modelling of PEM Fuel Cell Performance: Steady-State and Dynamic Experimental Validation. Energies 2014, 7, 670-700.
San Martín I, Ursúa A, Sanchis P. Modelling of PEM Fuel Cell Performance: Steady-State and Dynamic Experimental Validation. Energies. 2014; 7(2):670-700.
San Martín, Idoia; Ursúa, Alfredo; Sanchis, Pablo. 2014. "Modelling of PEM Fuel Cell Performance: Steady-State and Dynamic Experimental Validation." Energies 7, no. 2: 670-700.