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Measurement of Lipid Droplet Accumulation Kinetics in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Using Seoul-Fluor
Division of WCU (World Class University) Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744, Korea
Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744, Korea
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2013; in revised form: 17 October 2013 / Accepted: 21 October 2013 / Published: 31 October 2013
Abstract: Alternative energy resources have become an important issue due to the limited stocks of petroleum-based fuel. Microalgae, a source of renewable biodiesel, use solar light to convert CO2 into lipid droplets (LDs). Quantification of LDs in microalgae is required for developing and optimizing algal bioprocess engineering. However, conventional quantification methods are both time and labor-intensive and difficult to apply in high-throughput screening systems. LDs in plant and mammalian cells can be visualized by staining with various fluorescence probes such as the Nile Red, BODIPY, and Seoul-Fluor (SF) series. This report describes the optimization of LD staining in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii with SF probes via systematic variations of dye concentration, staining time, temperature, and pH. A protocol for quantitative measurement of accumulation kinetics of LDs in C. reinhardtii was developed using a spectrofluorimeter and the accuracy of LD size measurement was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Our results indicate that our spectrofluorimeter-based measurement approach can monitor kinetics of intracellular LDs (in control and nitrogen-source-starved Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) accumulation that has not been possible in the case of conventional imaging-based methods. Our results presented here confirmed that an SF44 can be a powerful tool for in situ monitoring and tracking of intracellular LDs formation.
Keywords: microalgae; Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; SF44; lipid droplets; biodiesel
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MDPI and ACS Style
Park, J.W.; Na, S.C.; Lee, Y.; Lee, S.; Park, S.B.; Jeon, N.L. Measurement of Lipid Droplet Accumulation Kinetics in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Using Seoul-Fluor. Energies 2013, 6, 5703-5716.
Park JW, Na SC, Lee Y, Lee S, Park SB, Jeon NL. Measurement of Lipid Droplet Accumulation Kinetics in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Using Seoul-Fluor. Energies. 2013; 6(11):5703-5716.
Park, Jae W.; Na, Sang C.; Lee, Youngjun; Lee, Sanghee; Park, Seung B.; Jeon, Noo L. 2013. "Measurement of Lipid Droplet Accumulation Kinetics in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Using Seoul-Fluor." Energies 6, no. 11: 5703-5716.